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Islamic Relief

History of Country

History of the country

From Himalayan peaks in the north to sandy beaches in the south, India has one of the most diverse landscapes and climates in the world – and a diverse society, too. Over one billion people from all faiths and cultures live in India, accounting for roughly one sixth of the world’s population. India is the second most populous country on the planet, and the world’s largest democracy.


In 1947, India gained independence from Britain and was partitioned into the separate countries of India, Pakistan and later Bangladesh. Tensions with Pakistan exist over the disputed region of Kashmir and have sparked three border wars. A ceasefire was finally agreed in November 2003.


India is the world’s fourth largest economy. However, despite its emergence as an economic power, it is home to the largest concentration of poor people in the world – with almost 30 per cent of Indians living below the poverty line.

According to government figures, around 43 per cent of children under five are malnourished. People in several states are particularly vulnerable to hunger – these include Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.

According to the 2013 Global Slavery Index (by the Walk Free organisation), almost half of the world’s estimated 30 million modern slaves live in India. According to UNICEF, child protection issues such as trafficking and child labour, are becoming more pronounced.

Islamic Relief's History in India

Over half of all Indian children are malnourished
Our history in India

Since 1994, we have been working with local organisations in India to deliver emergency relief and development projects.

In 2010, our project to provide educational opportunities to girls won an honourable commendation in the UNESCO WENHUI award.

Islamic Relief India was registered in 2008 as a Section-25 Not-for-profit Company under the Indian Companies Act.

Islamic Relief